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Verilen Duruma Uygun Düşen İfade

 

Verilen Duruma Uygun Düşen İfade

  • Soru tümcesi genelde istenilen durumu anlatan bir yüklem, ad sıfat ya da belirteç taşımaktadır.
  • Seçenekleri incelemeden önce, sizden ne istendiğini iyice belirleyin. Yani özür dileme, teklif etme, reddetme, kabul etme gibi durumlardan hangisine göre bir tümce üretmek gerekiyor; üretilecek tümce normal tümce mi, emir tümcesi mi yoksa soru tümcesi mi olabilir.
  • Üretilecek tümcede hangi belirgin yapılar/yüklemler/sıfatlar kullanılabilir? Örneğin, özür dileme ise sorry, öneri ise Shall we/Let's/Why don't we gibi.
  • Seçenekleri inceleyin. İstenilen duruma uygun birden fazla tümce varsa, sorulan duruma en uygun olanı belirleyin. Bunu yaparken de konuşmanın resmi bir nitelik mi taşıdığına, yoksa bir arkadaş vs. ile yapılan sıradan bir konuşma mı olacağına dikkat edin.

VERİLEN DURUMA UYGUN DÜŞEN İFADE - ÖRNEK SORULAR

Aşağıda örnek olarak 12 duruma uygun düşen ifade sorusu verildi.

Yanıtlar bütün sorulardan sonra gelmekte.

1.

A friend's child has knocked over a vase and broken it. They are both very sorry, and you want to comfort them and stop them feeling bad about it. You say:

A)

That was one of the more expensive items in the collection. 

B)

What a naughty child you have! I think you are to blame for the damage he has done.

C)

Well, actually, I am sorry because it was given to my grandmother. 

D)

There's no harm done. Actually, that's a vase that I've never cared for. 

E)

I should have kept such a valuable vase in a safe place.

2.

When a friend phones you and asks "Where were you last night?" you suddenly realize you'd promised to go round and see her, but hadn't done so. She's a close friend and you are always open and honest with each other. You say:

A)

I worked late at the office. Why? 

 B)

Oh dear! I simply forgot. I'm so sorry. 

 C)

I was just about to phone you about it.

 D)

I thought you were coming round here.

 E)

That's very kind of you. I should have let you know earlier.

3.

On the news you learn that there has been a substantial drop in the price of a number of shares including some you have. You feel alarmed and need reliable advice immediately. You call a close friend who is an expert in these matters. As he's not available you leave a message with his secretary for him:

A)

There's something I would like to discuss with you. Call me when it's convenient. 

B)

It's extremely urgent. Please call me as soon as possible. I desperately need your advice about some shares. 

C)

You've always given me reliable advice. I need some more today. I'll call later again. 

D)

I hear share prices are falling. When you're free tell me what to do with mine. 

E)

I've called to get your advice about whether or not it could be profitable to buy more shares now.

4.

You have accepted an invitation to give a lecture to a group of geologists. You have been looking forward to this but, on the morning of the day your talk has been scheduled for, your wife is suddenly taken seriously so you cannot leave her. You call the organizers immediately to cancel your lecture and express your apologies. You say:

A)

Unfortunately my wife has been ill for a long time, and I feel I cannot commit myself to give a talk. 

B)

Unfortunately my wife has not recovered as far as I expected, so I have to cancel my talk today. 

C)

Since my wife is suffering from a serious illness I suggest you postpone today's talk. 

D)

I'm sorry to have to let you know that I cannot possibly give my talk today owing to my wife'sunexpected illness this morning. 

E)

Due to my wife's ill health, I am reluctantly giving up all my lecture engagements.

5.

The position of Undersecretary in the Ministry has fallen vacant. From various quarters, both inside and outside the Ministry, you had been given the impression that you were likely to be appointed to the position. However, this did not happen, and someone else was appointed. Naturally you feel disappointed and admit this to a close friend, saying:

A)

Believe me I couldn't care less about what's happened. 

B)

It was unfair of them to encourage me and then appoint someone else; it's very dishonest of them. 

C)

It's quite a relief to know that a really qualified person has been appointed to this position at such a critical time. 

D)

Well, I have to admit that I might have found the additional responsibility rather trying. 

E)

I really had every reason to believe the position was mine; so now I know it isn't I do feel rather upset.

6.
You are leading a delegation for your country authorized to negotiate for the settlement of a border dispute with a neighbouring country. So far the negotiations with the opposite delegation have gone well, and an agreement has almost been reached. However, you need a final consultation with your authorities and therefore suggest a short break in the negotiations. So you say to the other delegation:

A)

I suggest we suspend the negotiations now and meet again some other time. 

B)

I propose we adjourn for a short while, say for two hours, since I need to review the situation with my government. 

C)

We consider the terms you have put forward reasonably acceptable, and will sign the document after the break. 

D)

This border dispute has gone on far too long; it's time we settled it for good. 

E)

The agreement we have already reached must first be approved by our governments.

7.
There's a problem with the car, and you want the mechanic at the repair place you always use to startwork on it immediately though there are other jobs that he's working on. He's reluctant. You really do all you can to make him agree. You say:

A)

My neighbour sent me here, and he's a very good customer of yours. 

B)

I know this is the first time I've come to you but I'll come regularly if you help me now. 

C)

Come on! I'm a good customer and don't ask many favours. It really is of vital importance that you fix it for me immediately. 

D)

As long as you can do it tomorrow there'll be no problem. 

E)

You did a bad job of fixing it last time I brought it in. That's why there's a problem now.

8.
Someone asks you where a certain school building is. You only know vaguely where it is and, wanting to be as helpful as possible, say:

A)

It's very near here. Do you see the Post Office there? It's just next to the Post Office. 

B)

I'm afraid I can't help you. I've never heard of the place. 

C)

I don't think it's anywhere near here. In fact it could be at the other side of the town. 

D)

Go along this road as far as the traffic lights, Then turn left and it's the second building on your left. 

E)

It's down this hill and to the right somewhere. They'll be able to help you better at the Tourist office down there.

9.
A friend has had a bad cough for several months. You think it's high time she consulted a doctor about it, and you decide to impress on her the need to take the matter seriously. You say:

A)

Do please go to a chemist's and get a bottle of cough mixture. 

B)

You know as well as I do that a cough can be a sign of something more serious. Go and get it checked. 

C)

Do what I do. Drink a glass of fresh grapefruit juice every morning. I'm sure it will do you good. 

D)

The weather is getting warmer now so perhaps your cough will go away. 

E)

I think you are coughing a bit less these days, but I still think you should smoke less.

10.
There have been last minute changes in flights arrangements so you phone your son at his office to let him of these and save him a fruitless drive to the airport. You speak to his secretary who informs you that your son is at a meeting but that she can get a message through to him. You say:

A)

Please make sure that he is there at the airport to meet me as arranged. 

B)

I think he should know that, unfortunately, the holiday has had to be cancelled. 

C)

Please explain that the London-Amsterdam flights are fully booked for the next six weeks. 

D)

I just want to remind him that he promised to meet me at the airport this evening. 

E)

Just tell him there's been a change in the programme, and I shall not be arriving this evening.

11.
A colleague at work feels he has been unfairly treated by his manager and his first reaction is to hand in his resignation. You think he is over-reacting and that he would soon regret such a step. Accordingly, you say:

A)

Give yourself time to think this over. Tomorrow's another day. You may feel differently then. 

B)

That man must be made to realize that he can't treat people in this way. 

C)

By all means, hand in your resignation; with your qualifications you can soon get a better job. 

D)

If I were in your position I would most certainly hand in my resignation. 

E)

You are not behaving unreasonably. In fact, you're taking the only right course.

12.
Someone who is known to be rather unreliable in money matters comes to you asking for a loan. You refuse to give him a loan but want to do this in a kindly manner, making use of your family commitments. You say:

A)

I do wish I could have helped out but I have to pay the children's school fees this month andthere'll be nothing left over after that. 

B)

Yes of course I'll help you out; but you will have to pay me back at he beginning of next month. 

C)

I thought I'd told you that I would never again lend you any money. 

D)

My father would be very angry if he knew what I was doing. 

E)

Why don't you ask your family to help you out? Surely they will.


YANITLAR

1.

A friend's child has knocked over a vase and broken it. They are both very sorry, and you want to comfort them and stop them feeling bad about it. You say:

 

D) There's no harm done. Actually, that's a vase that I've never cared for.

2.

When a friend phones you and asks "Where were you last night?" you suddenly realize you'd promised to go round and see her, but hadn't done so. She's a close friend and you are always open and honest with each other. You say:

 

B) Oh dear! I simply forgot. I'm so sorry.

3.

On the news you learn that there has been a substantial drop in the price of a number of shares including some you have. You feel alarmed and need reliable advice immediately. You call a close friend who is an expert in these matters. As he's not available you leave a message with his secretary for him:

 

B) It's extremely urgent. Please call me as soon as possible. I desperately need your advice about some shares.

4.

You have accepted an invitation to give a lecture to a group of geologists. You have been looking forward to this but, on the morning of the day your talk has been scheduled for, your wife is suddenly taken seriously so you cannot leave her. You call the organizers immediately to cancel your lecture and express your apologies. You say:

 

D) I'm sorry to have to let you know that I cannot possibly give my talk today owing to my wife's unexpected illness this morning.

5.

The position of Undersecretary in the Ministry has fallen vacant. From various quarters, both inside and outside the Ministry, you had been given the impression that you were likely to be appointed to the position. However, this did not happen, and someone else was appointed. Naturally you feel disappointed and admit this to a close friend, saying:

 

E) I really had every reason to believe the position was mine; so now I know it isn't I do feel rather upset.

6.

You are leading a delegation for your country authorized to negotiate for the settlement of a border dispute with a neighbouring country. So far the negotiations with the opposite delegation have gone well, and an agreement has almost been reached. However, you need a final consultation with your authorities and therefore suggest a short break in the negotiations. So you say to the other delegation:

 

B) I propose we adjourn for a short while, say for two hours, since I need to review the situation with my government.

7.

There's a problem with the car, and you want the mechanic at the repair place you always use to start work on it immediately though there are other jobs that he's working on. He's reluctant. You really do all you can to make him agree. You say:

 

C) Come on! I'm a good customer and don't ask many favours. It really is of vital importance that you fix it for me immediately.

8.

Someone asks you where a certain school building is. You only know vaguely where it is and, wanting to be as helpful as possible, say:

 

E) It's down this hill and to the right somewhere. They'll be able to help you better at the Tourist office down there.

9.

A friend has had a bad cough for several months. You think it's high time she consulted a doctor about it, and you decide to impress on her the need to take the matter seriously. You say:

 

B) You know as well as I do that a cough can be a sign of something more serious. Go and get it checked.

10.

There have been last minute changes in flights arrangements so you phone your son at his office to let him of these and save him a fruitless drive to the airport. You speak to his secretary who informs you that your son is at a meeting but that she can get a message through to him. You say:

 

E) Just tell him there's been a change in the programme, and I shall not be arriving this evening.

11.

A colleague at work feels he has been unfairly treated by his manager and his first reaction is to hand in his resignation. You think he is over-reacting and that he would soon regret such a step. Accordingly, you say:

 

A) Give yourself time to think this over. Tomorrow's another day. You may feel differently then.

12

Someone who is known to be rather unreliable in money matters comes to you asking for a loan. You refuse to give him a loan but want to do this in a kindly manner, making use of your family commitments. You say:

 

A) I do wish I could have helped out but I have to pay the children's school fees this month and there'll be nothing left over after that.


  

Site Admin

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوفْ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الأَمَوَالِ وَالأنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُواْ إِنَّا لِلّهِ وَإِنَّـا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعونَ

Muhakkak ki biz sizi korkuyla, açlıkla ve mallardan, canlardan ve ürünlerden eksiltme ile imtihan edeceğiz. O sabredenleri müjdele! Onlar ki, başlarına bir musibet geldiği zaman: “Biz Allah’a aidiz ve sonunda O’na döneceğiz.” derler. (Bakara 155-156)

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